- Colony: a place that is settled
by a group of people and governed by the country from which the
- Three ways that England hoped to acquire
wealth from its colonies :
a. by getting natural
b. by getting more money from taxes on the goods traded in the colonies.
c. by selling more of its own goods to its colonies.
- Queen Elizabeth changed the rules for claiming
colonies in the 1500s to a way which depended on a country's
ability to have permanent
England Starts to Colonize North America
Failed attempts at colonization
- The first English attempt at colonization failed because the settlers
were lost at sea and never reached North America.
- The Roanoke Colony lasted only one year
because the colonists did not have enough food and supplies.
- Nobody ever discovered what happened to the second Roanoke Colony.
Permanent colonies require a lot of financial
support to survive
- England needed to get money before it could set up new colonies.
- "Commercialize the colonies" meant to set up a business or company to
make a profit from the colonies.
- The London Company would support a new colony because it expected
to make money by establishing colonies in America.
Four Factors of Group Success in Jamestown
- The four factors of group success:
- Capability: what people know how to do and what they are able
- Native Americans gave the colonists the knowledge
and the capability to survive in Jamestown.
Jamestown finds a way to make money for the Virginia Company
- Cash crops are crops and animals raised in order to be sold.
- Leadership is the skillfulness or expertise
of a group's leaders.
- Many Jamestown colonists died the first year from the disease
malaria and from starvation
resulting from their serious leadership problem.
- Captain John Smith created improvement
in leadership that enabled the Jamestown colony to survive.
- Resources are the things and people available
to use in reaching goals.
- Advantage in resources the Jamestown colony had over earlier attempts
at colonization was that the Virginia Company had enough money to afford
to send many supplies with
- Motivation is a group's desire
- The extra help from the Virginia Company gave the colonists in
Jamestown new motivation.
Why People Moved to the English Colonies
- A king or queen would try to control peoples' religious beliefs
and loyalties because religion
was a serious matter to many people in the 17th century.
- The Pilgrims wanted to
set up a colony in North America to gain their religious freedom.
- The Pilgrims were supposed to go to the northern part of the Virginia
- The Pilgrims ended up hundreds of miles north of Virginia in an
area that the Virginia Company did not control.
- The Pilgrims didn't go where they had planned because a storm
forced the ship off course.
- Charter is a set of rules that a group had to obey.
Problems in the Plymouth Colony
- The Mayflower Compact was an agreement made by the Pilgrims to create
their own colonial government
and decide what rules the Plymouth Colony should follow.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
- The Puritans differed
from the Pilgrims in that the Puritans did not want to separate
from the Church of England while the Pilgrims did.
- The Massachusetts Bay Colony was the name of Puritans' first colony.
- The Puritans and the Massachusetts Bay Colony contributed
to self-government in the colonies by allowing all male Puritan
landowners to vote in
town meetings and to elect officials.
- The Puritans did not pass religious freedom on to others. The Puritans forced
everyone who lived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony to attend the
Puritan church and behave in Puritan ways.
Rhode Island Colony
Statue of Roger Williams
- Much like the Pilgrims and Puritans, Roger Williams and his followers chose
to move and create a new colony.
- The religious freedom attracted
settlers to Rhode
Other Colonies Established for Religious Freedom
- New Hampshire
The Puritan World View
Similar Views of Native Americans and Puritans
- The world views of Native Americans and Puritans were similar
because both believed in a creator god and the importance
of the relationship of human beings to God, nature and the
Different Views of Native Americans and Puritans
The world views of Puritans and Native Americans were different:
- Puritans - Believed that human beings differed from all
other creatures in that God had given people dominion,
control over animals and plants
- Native Americans - Tried to understand how the Great Spirit
expected each person in his or her particular way to bring
harmony to nature.
Puritan religious beliefs
- The Puritans make important personal and political decisions
by asking themselves what God would expect them to do.
Puritans and education
- Puritans established:
Harvard College (Massachusetts)
William & Mary (Virginia)
Puritans and religious freedom
- Puritans felt that people who did not believe like them
were mistaken and should not live in a Puritan community.
Why People Continued to Move to the English Colonies
Freedom from Religious Persecution
- Persecution: being hurt, punished, or not given equal rights
because of one's beliefs.
- Some Germans, Scots, Irish, and French people move to the
English colonies to escape religious persecution.
Economic opportunity for poor people
- The effect of enclosure
in England was that many tenants (renters) who had been farming on
the land were forced to leave their farms and move to the
cities to look for work.
- An indentured servant was a person bound
by contract to serve someone else.
- Some English people became indentured servants
in the 1600s by borrowing money to pay for their trip to
- One economic opportunity that existed in the colonies that did not
exist in England was owning a farm.
Economic opportunity for wealthy people
- The headright system was an offer of 50 acres of Colonial
land given to a person who paid for himself or others to come
- The effect of the headright system was that many people came to
Virginia to own land.
- Wealthy people move to the English colonies because the
headright system gave them good economic opportunity to start
Participation in Local Government
- Wealthy men who owned land were the only people who had the
right to vote in England.
- Legislature is a group of people elected to make the laws
for a government.
- The companies that started colonies tried to attract more
people to come to their colonies by giving male colonists
who owned land the right to help make some of their own laws.
English Colonies & Purposes Colonized
- Virginia (Jamestown) : Economic problem
- Massachusetts : Religious problem
- New York : Economic problem
- Maryland : Economic & Religious problems
- Rhode Island : Religious problem
- Connecticut : Economic & Religious problems
- New Hampshire : Religious & Economic problems
- Delaware : Economic problem
- Carolinas (North Carolina & South Carolina) : Economic
- New Jersey : Economic & Religious problems
- Pennsylvania : Religious problem
- Georgia : Economic problem