Route to Asia in the 1400s
European Trade With Asia
Traders are people who get wealth
by buying items from a group of people at a low price and selling
those things to other people at higher prices.
European countries use trade to gain wealth
Europe wants to trade with Asia
A trader would want to buy luxuries
in Asia such as silks, carpets and jewels that were not available in Europe
and sell them to make a lot of money.
Muslims controlled land routes to Asia
Land routes: the roads and trails people traveled
to get from one place to another.
Muslims: people who controlled the land routes
between Europe and Asia.
European traders had to solve their problem with
Muslim-controlled land by going by sea around Muslim-controlled land.
The Line of Demarcation
Rivals are people or countries who compete against
The Line of Demarcation was an imaginary line drawn
by the Pope that split the New World into half and into which areas Portugal
and Spain could claim
Portuguese is spoken in Brazil while Spanish is
spoken in all other countries of South America. The small part
of South America was within the Portuguese claim and became the
large Portuguese colony of Brazil, while all other parts were under
seen in the example of the Line of Demarcation, was the solution
Spain and Portugal used to solve their rivalry.
Spain and the New World
The route of Cortes. Source: Encyclopedia Americana, 1993 ed.,
vol. 8, p. 28, "Cortez."
Spanish seek wealth in the north
settled in North America in the 1500s because there was little gold
to be found there.
European diseases and Native Americans
People's rights problems for Native Americans
Some Spaniards believed that they should convert
the Native Americans to Christianity because the missionaries
believed it was their duty.
England and the New World