Cliff Notes for Chapter 4:
The Development of the 13 Colonies


[audio] The following information was presented in this chapter:

The time period from around 1600 to 1740 covered the development of Britain's 13 Colonies in North America. In the 13 Colonies, the early colonists basic needs were food, shelter and clothing. After they met those basic needs, the colonists were able to gain wealth through economic activities like farming more land, making items from natural resources or through trade. Religious practices also varied greatly between the regions.

  • Commercial manufacturing was done by master craftsmen and their apprentices.
  • Trade moved products from the seller to the buyer. Exports were sent to another colony or country, imports came into the colony or country.
  • The 3 regions of the 13 Colonies were the New England Colonies, the Southern Colonies and the Middle Colonies.
  • Each of these regions had different geography and climate, which affected their economic activities of agriculture and trade.
  • The natural resources of the Middle Colonies were rich farmland, timber, furs, iron ore and coal. The Southern Colonies had timber, fishing, and the richest farmland. New England Colonies had fish, whales, trees and furs.
  • Religious freedom varied greatly between the 3 regions. There was no religious freedom in the Puritan Colonies of New England, in the Southern Colonies religion provided moral guidance but wasn't a great influence. The Quakers were the biggest influence in the Middle Colonies.

    [audio] Important dates to remember:

  • From approximately 1600 to 1740, Britain's 13 Colonies were founded in North America.