The following information was presented
in this chapter:
The 13 Colonies were dominated
by the British through trade
laws and revenue-generating
laws. These laws were meant to increase the amount of money the
British could extract from the colonies. The British had economic
problems. The British needed this money because of their colonial
expansion and wars over land
claims. This left them short of money to operate their government.
These laws affected the 13
colonies in many negative ways, including disrupting
their economies. As the situation escalated,
it caused them to rebel, and
the British reacted by increasing the harshness
of their laws to prevent the 13 colonies from going around the laws.
The Revolutionary War was started by an escalation of events:
The Trade Laws set by Britain curtailed
profits, sales of natural
resources, and increased the price of goods for the 13 colonies.
The French and Indian War, and Pontiac's War were battles over
land claims. The British finally
won because of advantages in capability and leadership but ended
up in debt.
Revenue-generating laws were imposed
on the colonies by Britain to pay for their expenses.
The colonists rebeled against the tax laws by smuggling,
boycotts, and organizing
groups of resistance.
Conflict was further sparked
by violence and destruction of property.
New laws meant to punish the colonists were enacted.
These hurt the colonies by further limiting the colonies' trade
Colonial radical leaders
emerged, and united the people
to overthrow the British
domination of their economy.
Britain was declared by the
13 colonies, and the colonists were willing to fight to establish
Important dates to remember: