Rebellion


Ben Franklin  
Ben Franklin
[audio] The Colonists Rebel Against the British

The Radicals Form The Committees of Correspondence

  • Rebel: to actively go against those in power.
  • Radicals: people that want to change governments and society. Sam Adams, Ben Franklin, Paul Revere, Patrick Henry, and John Hancock were important colonial leaders who were radicals at this time.
  • Treason: the crime of working to oppose and change a government.
  • The radicals who formed the Committees of Correspondence wrote secret letters to each other to organize protests and publish articles in favor of independence.
  • Ben Franklin started the Postal Service so the radicals could secretly mail their letters to each other.
  • The Committees of Correspondence were most importantly working to keep the colonists informed about the problems caused by the British government.


Destroying British Property And Attacking British Soldiers

  • The Boston Massacre: where many people were killed.
  • The radical colonial leaders called the killing of 5 colonists by British soldiers a massacre.
  • This helped to stir up more people to hate the British.
  • Sam Adams was the lawyer who defended the soldiers accused of shooting the colonists in Boston. They were found not guilty.


[audio] The Committees of Correspondence and the Boston Massacre

  • Paul Revere made a picture of the Boston Massacre, which was spread to the 13 Colonies.
  • The H.M.S. Gaspee, a British navy ship was trying to find colonial smugglers off the Rhode Island coast. When it became grounded on a sand bar radical colonists lit it on fire.


The Boston Tea Party

  • The Tea Act: no taxes for the British East India Company that sold tea to the 13 colonies, but the colonial tea merchants had to pay taxes on tea.
  • The Boston Tea Party: Some colonists dressed up like Native Americans. Then, sneaking aboard the British East India Company's ship they threw the tea into the water. The colonists were protesting the taxes on tea.
  • The Effect of the Boston Tea Party was that the British closed down the Boston harbor. The colonists couldn't get food imported on the British ships.
  • The British rulers wanted to punish the colonists for:
    1. breaking laws, destroying goods and attacking the British soldiers
    2. finding ways to get around the British Laws


[audio] Laws Meant To Punish: The Intolerable Acts

The Intolerable Acts Colonist's Reaction Effect on Colonies
Coercive Act
Coerce: someone is forced to act.
1. Port of Boston is closed down until colonies paid for the tea lost in the Boston Tea Party.
2. British limited the power of the Massachusetts Legislature.
3. Colonists were forced to rent rooms to British soldiers.
Committees of Correspondence organized other colonies to send food to Boston.
Hatred for the British government grew as economic problems for the colonists increased.
Didn't have to pay for tea that they dumped in the Boston harbor.
Most important: the colonists were united against a common enemy, the British.
The Quebec Act:
Land between the Ohio and the Missouri Rivers was now a part of Canada.
Hatred for the British government grew as economic problems for the colonists increased. Most important: the colonists were united against a common enemy, the British.
The New England Restraining Act
Enforced the Navigation Act:
1. Ban on trading with any countries other than Britain.
2.Limited colonial fishing areas.
Hatred for the British government grew as economic problems for the colonists increased. Colonies had economic problems.
Colonies decrease trade with other countries.
Less fish to sell.