Cliff Notes for Chapter 6:
The Revolutionary War


[audio] The following information was presented in this chapter:

Britain and the 13 Colonies were fighting about several things. Their fight became the Revolutionary War. The Revolutionary War was important because the 13 Colonies won and became free of Britain. As a result, the United States of America was created.

  • The 13 Colonies wanted to be free from Britain for economic reasons and so that the colonists could have religious freedom. Britain wanted to keep the 13 Colonies because the colonists had lots of natural resources and the British wanted to get taxes from them.
  • The colonists created their own army, called the Continental Army, so that they could fight the British. They wanted to be free. The colonists didn't have much money to pay for the war or weapons, but they had one important advantage: wilderness fighting techniques. They hid behind trees and attacked the British. It worked very well.
  • The British had many more soldiers, money and weapons than the 13 Colonies had. They wanted to keep the colonies under their rule. The British soldiers were also well trained in battle techniques.
  • The Battles of Lexington and Concord were important because they were the start of the Revolutionary War.
  • The French didn't like Britain and after the colonists won the Battle of Saratoga the French joined the war. France brought French soldiers and the French navy to help the colonists fight.
  • The colonists won the Battle of Yorktown, the last big fight. Then Britain decided to quit the war.
  • The 13 Colonies became the United States of America when the Treaty of Paris was signed.

    [audio] Important dates to remember:

  • 1775 Battle of Lexington and Concord
  • 1777 Battle of Saratoga
  • 1781 Battle of Yorktown
  • 1783 Treaty of Paris

    Who's who in this chapter:

  • Paul Revere is arrested when he tries to warn the colonists that the British are coming to destroy the colonists' weapons.
  • George Washington is elected as commander-in-chief of all the colonists' military units.
  • John Hancock was important because he was a colonist leader and had money to help pay for the war.
  • Benedict Arnold was a colonist who spied for the British and became famous for being a traitor.