Measures of Success
Starting militias again
- Militia: local military group to protect people
- Under the Suffolk
Resolves, militias were supposed to stop the British from interfering
with the colonies.
- The colonists spied on the British and sent messengers
to warn the local militias when the British were coming to destroy
- One messenger, Dawes, was arrested and went back to Boston.
- Paul Revere was arrested and taken away.
- Samuel Prescott was the only messenger to make it and warn the
Only One Messenger is Remembered
- Paul Revere was remembered because he was already famous as a
- Britain's advantages in the war were better weapons and well trained
- Britain's disadvantage in the war was lack of training in wilderness
The 13 Colonies' Capability
- The 13 colonies' advantage in the war was being good at wilderness
- The 13 colonies' disadvantages in the war was being poorly trained
and having poor weapons.
The Battles of Lexington and Concord
- Important because these battles were the beginning of the war.
The Battle of Saratoga
- Important because it was the turning point of the war.
- British General Burgoyne led British troops; they had trouble
because they had lots of supplies, moved very slowly through forest,
and used more supplies than
- Colonists shot British soldiers using hit and run tactics. Lots
of British died or were hurt.
- By the time Burgoyne and troops reached Saratoga, New York, they
had a lot of casualties and
few supplies. Colonists attacked and Burgoyne surrendered.
- Britain sent soldiers to Boston, Massachusetts to enforce
- Colonists set up the Suffolk Resolves, which set up a boycott
of British goods and created militias.
Choosing a Commander-in-Chief
- George Washington was selected as commander-in-chief of the Continental
- Commander-in-chief is a person in charge of all armies and navies.
- Washington was chosen because:
1. he ran for the job
2. he had military experience;
3. he was from the colony with the most people.
- Britain's advantage in leadership: they were well trained in traditional
- Britain's disadvantages in leadership: they didn't think the colonists
would fight as long and hard as they did. They also didn't know
how to fight against wilderness fighting tactics.
The 13 Colonies' Leadership
- The 13 colonies' advantage in leadership: Some of their leaders
had been trained in wilderness fighting and taught it to the soldiers.
- The 13 colonies' disadvantage in leadership: They hadn't been
trained in military fighting tactics.
- Britain's advantage in motivation: Britain wanted to keep the
colonies because the colonies had lots of natural
resources and could make money for Britain.
- Britain's disadvantage in motivation: The British people did
not want to be in a war.
The 13 Colonies' Leadership
- The 13 colonies' advantage in motivation: they were protecting and
fighting for their homes, families and beliefs.
- About a third of the male colonists did not fight in the war
for a variety of reasons.
- Some colonists, called the Tories,
or Loyalists, wanted Britain to win the Revolutionary War. Many
Loyalists were killed or fled the colonies during the war.
The colonists stockpiled
- Stockpiling: collecting and saving something.
- John Hancock was important to the radical colonists because he
had money and could help pay for the war and he owned many ships.
He was also a leader.
Benedict Arnold Benedict
- Arnold deserted the army during the French and Indian War.
- Deserter: a soldier who runs away from the army without permission.
- Benedict Arnold was considered a traitor
because he spied for the British.
- Britain's advantage in resources was their army and navy were
bigger and the government had a lot of money to buy weapons.
- Britain's disadvantage in resources was that they had soldiers
scattered all over the world
and they had to transport their men and supplies by ship.
The ships took months to travel to the 13 colonies.
- Britain paid its soldiers. Because they paid, they had soldiers
who weren't from Britain. Britain had mercenary soldiers.
- Mercenaries: professional soldiers who fight wars to get paid.
The British hired many soldiers from a place in Germany called Hesse-Cassel.
These soldiers were called Hessians.
- The British hired soldiers from all around Europe.
The 13 Colonies' Resources
- The 13 colonies had NO advantage in resources.
- The 13 colonies' disadvantages in resources was they didn't have
enough supplies, didn't have the money to buy more supplies and
didn't have as many soldiers as the British.