Cliff Notes for Chapter 7:
Cooperation Leads to the U.S. Constitution


[audio] The following information was presented in this chapter:

The stages of cooperation played a major role in changing the United States from thirteen separate colonies to a singe nation. The colonies began coming together during the French and Indian War and continued to work together to fight against the British for independence and then to develop a government that met the different interests of all of the states.

  • Stages of Cooperation:
    Stage 1: Discuss Common Problems: The Albany Congress where the13 Colonies discussed joining militias to fight the French.
    Stage 2: Occasional Voluntary Cooperation: The Stamp Act and the British boycotts where the cooperation was occasional.
    Stage 3: Regular Voluntary Cooperation: The First and Second Continental Congress because they were forced to meet on a regular basis to help colonies through the Revolutionary War.
    Stage 4: Legally Binding Cooperation: Due to problems with regular voluntary cooperation, a new constitution and form of government was created that involved legally binding cooperation.
  • In creating a new constitution and government, compromises had to be made to meet the needs of all of the states. These needs included issues of representation, slavery, and trading between states.
  • Checks and Balances were also created to keep one section of government from having too much power over another.
  • Political tactics such as debates, domination, and compromise were all used to pass the constitution.

    [audio] Important dates to remember:

  • 1754 Cooperation between colonies begins at the Albany Congress.
  • 1765 Colonies join to boycott British goods (Stamp Act Congress).
  • 1774 Colonies join together to fight against the British.
  • 1788 Constitution is ratified.

    Who's who in this chapter:

  • Ben Franklin created the plan for the Albany Congress.