The U.S. Constitution
Solution: The Great Compromise
- The Senate gives smaller
states the most influence.
- The House
of Representatives gives the larger states the most influence.
- Large States wanted representation (votes) by population
- Small states wanted equal representation for every state
- The House of Representatives allows large states to have
- The Senate gives all states an equal amount of votes
- Both the House of Representatives and the Senate must agree
to pass a law.
Solving the Problem of Sharing Power
Separation of Power and Checks
and Balances kept government from having too much power.
Separation of Powers
- Separation of Powers: government is divided to spread out the
amount of power.
- The purpose of separation of power is to make sure that one part
of government can't get too much power and break rules.
- Branch of Government: each part of government
1. Executive Branch: President, Carry out laws
2. Judicial Branch: Supreme Court, Interpret
3. Legislative: Congress,
Checks and Balances
- Check: each part of the government can stop another parts actions.
- Balance: each part of the government can balance the others by
making sure all members help make decisions.
Checks and balances of the President over the other branches
- Bill: An idea for a law that is sent to Congress
- Veto: President can stop a bill from becoming law
Checks and balances of Congress over other branches
- Override : Way Congress can pass a bill even with a veto
- To override, the Congress must vote again and get two-thirds votes
in favor of the override
- "The power of purse strings" is an example of balance of powers:
Congress controls how much money the President can spend carrying
- The Legislative Branch can check the Supreme Court through impeachment
of the justices and check the President through an override veto.
Checks and Balances of the Supreme Court over the other branches
- Judicial Review: Supreme Court makes last decision on what state
and federal laws are allowed.
- Nullify: Decide a law can not be a law.
- The Judicial branch can check the congress by nullifying a law
and check the president because they can serve for life.
The Supporters of the Constitution Worked for
- Politics: working to get votes to pass something in the government
- Political Tactics:
ways to solve a political problem
- Supporters of the Constitution
used three political tactics:
1. Domination: example: have more representatives in favor
2. Debate: example: Federalist
3. Compromise: example: Bill of Rights
- The Federalist was so well written that it convinced people to
support the constitution. Delaware, New Jersey, and Georgia all
used domination because all of their representatives voted in favor
of the Constitution. Massachusetts was the first state to use compromise