Political Systems


The First Amendment - Five Freedoms:

  • Religion
  • Assembly
  • Petition
  • Press
  • Speech
  • The Second Amendment-Right to Bear Arms

  • People are allowed the right to own guns as part of the state militia.
  • The Third Amendment-Housing Soldiers

  • People cannot be forced to house soldiers during times of peace.
  • The Fourth Amendment-Search and Seizure

  • Police must have a search warrant before looking for evidence in a person's house.
  • The Fifth Amendment-The Right to Remain Silent

  • A person cannot be forced to talk about themselves to the police or in the courtroom.
  • The Fifth Amendment-Protection Against Double Jeopardy

  • Double jeopardy: A person cannot be found guilty of a crime if they have already been found not guilty of that same crime.
  • Grand jury: Group of ordinary people who listen to evidence in a courtroom to decide whether there is enough reason to conduct a trial.
  • The Sixth Amendment-Right to get an Attorney

  • The police must tell the person being arrested that every person is allowed to have an attorney. One will be appointed for the person if they cannot afford one.
  • The Sixth Amendment-Right to a Jury Trial

  • A person is allowed the help of a lawyer and heard by a jury. The person charged with the crime must be told what they were charged with and shown the evidence the government has against them.
  • The Seventh Amendment-The Right to a Jury Trial When Suing

  • In civil cases, a person still holds the right to have a jury trial
  • The Eighth Amendment-No Cruel and Unusual Punishments

  • The arrested person should be treated as fairly as possible, no matter what. They should receive the same treatment for committing that crime as everyone else.
  • Bail: Money given to the court to guarantee the arrested person will appear for a trial.
  • The Ninth Amendment-People's Rights

  • People have rights that are not listed in the Constitution, and they cannot be withheld from those rights.
  • The Tenth Amendment-States' Rights

  • If the Constitution did not give the federal government a particular right, then it is given to the states or to the people.
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