The First Amendment - Five Freedoms:Religion
The Second Amendment-Right to Bear ArmsPeople are allowed the right to own guns as part of the state militia.
The Third Amendment-Housing SoldiersPeople cannot be forced to house soldiers during times of peace.
The Fourth Amendment-Search
and SeizurePolice must have a search
warrant before looking for evidence in a person's house.
The Fifth Amendment-The Right to Remain SilentA person cannot be forced to talk about themselves to the police
or in the courtroom.
The Fifth Amendment-Protection Against Double
Jeopardy Double jeopardy: A person cannot be found guilty of a crime if they
have already been found not guilty of that same crime.
Grand jury: Group of ordinary people who listen to evidence in a courtroom
to decide whether there is enough reason to conduct a trial.
The Sixth Amendment-Right to get an Attorney
The police must tell the person being arrested that every person
is allowed to have an attorney. One will be appointed for the person
if they cannot afford one.
The Sixth Amendment-Right to a Jury
Trial A person is allowed the help of a lawyer and heard by a jury. The
person charged with the crime must be told what they were charged
with and shown the evidence the government has against them.
The Seventh Amendment-The Right to a Jury Trial When Suing
In civil cases, a person still holds the right to have a jury trial
The Eighth Amendment-No Cruel and Unusual Punishments The arrested person should be treated as fairly as possible, no
matter what. They should receive the same treatment for committing
that crime as everyone else.
Bail: Money given to the court to guarantee the arrested person
will appear for a trial.
The Ninth Amendment-People's Rights People have rights that are not listed in the Constitution, and
they cannot be withheld from
The Tenth Amendment-States' RightsIf the Constitution did not give the federal government a particular
right, then it is given to the states or to the people.