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Cause and Effect


  James Madison
James Madison
[audio] More land became available for farmers throughout the Louisiana Purchase

  • Ordinary people couldn't get good farmland because it was already owned.
  • A solution to the land problem involved taking the land from the Native Americans.
  • New Orleans was important to the US because boats had to travel through the city to ship their goods to markets on the East Coast.


Causes of the War of 1812

  • James Madison was the fourth President who led the party of the ordinary people. He was also called "the Father of the Constitution."
  • France agreed to stop the attack on the American ships.


[audio] Effects of the War of 1812

  • The attacks on Canada weren't as successful as originally planned by the War Hawks because Canada didn't want to be free from Britain and Britain's army was much larger than that of the U.S.

First Effect of the War of 1812: Native American Armies Were Defeated

  • When General Tecumseh died, the Native Americans no longer had a leader to gather large armies against the U.S.
  • The War of 1812 resulted in the Native American's loss of land through the signing of government treaties.

Second Effect of the War of 1812: The U.S Became Stronger

Third Effect of the War- The End of the Party of the Wealthy Business People

  • Three ways the United States became stronger after the War of 1812:
    1. It proved its military power.
    2. It increased its manufacturing ability.
    3. The Federalist Party was ended.


[audio] Effects of the Whiskey Rebellion

  • President Washington's use of soldiers to make the farmers stop rebelling had two effects: 1) the government was able to demonstrate its power and 2) the Federalist Party lost the support of the people.
  • The wealthy people's perspective of President Washington's Whiskey Rebellion action was that it was a good move. The ordinary people's perspective was that the government had been too harsh and that it should have listened to complaints of the farmers.


[audio] Ordinary People Form a Political Party

  • The problem: A serious problem during the first few years of the country's history was that the wealthy business people did not listen to the viewpoints of the ordinary people.
  • The solution:Thomas Jefferson was important to the development of the political parties in the United States because he organized the ordinary people into a political party.


The Effects of Thomas Jefferson and the Party of the Ordinary People

  • The Whiskey Tax was ended.
  • To repeal a law means to cancel it.
  • The Alien and Sedition Acts were ended.
  • Three effects of the ordinary people coming into power:
    1. The end of the Whiskey Tax
    2. The end of the Alien and Sedition Acts
    3. The Louisiana Purchase