The United States expands by dominating others
Hunters and fur trappers
- The first white people to settle on the frontier.
- They sold the fur from animals that they hunted and trapped animals
such as beaver and raccoons.
- Daniel Boone: a famous hunter and fur trapper from North Carolina
who helped blaze a trail through the
Cumberland Gap into the frontier of what is now known as Kentucky.
The pioneer farmers
- The pioneer farmers were the second group of frontier settlers.
- They cleared the land, built log cabins and established
- They would also dig water wells so they would have a close and constant
- The pioneer farmers would also supplement
their vegetable supply with meat that they had hunted.
- The Native Americans were angry at the way the pioneer families
used the land because it interfered with them using the land as well,
and practices such as fence building scared the game away that the
Native Americans relied on for food.
- Abraham Lincoln: one example of a pioneer farming family. Abraham
was born in a log house in Kentucky. In 1860 he was elected President
of the United States.
- Permanent settlers were the third group of people to settle the
- The permanent settlers were individuals with skills needed to make
a community. This group included doctors, lawyers, storekeepers, craftsmen,
farmers and others.
- The permanent settlers built homes, roads, churches, schools and
eventually towns were formed and when they kept growing they eventually
New American Territory
- Spain claimed Florida in
the 1500s before it was part of the United States. Before the War
of 1812, many people believed that the United States should take ownership
of Florida from Spain.
- Andrew Jackson: U.S. Army General who helped the United States
obtain Florida from Spain in 1818.
He ordered his army to occupy Pensacola. Pensacola was the capital
of Florida at the time. The United States used Pensacola as a base
for military operations. Spain was not a strong military power and
could not stop the United States from occupying Florida. In 1819,
Spain agreed to give Florida to the United States in exchange
for of a 5 million dollar debt the United States said Spain owed.
- Conflict in Texas with
Mexico: one result of Manifest Destiny. Texas was part of Mexico.
Many settlers believed that it
was their right and responsibility to continue the expansion of the
United States, which included making Texas theirs.
- Dictator: someone who has complete political control of a country.
- General Santa Anna: Dictator of Mexico in 1834. He was unpopular
with the Tejanos (Mexicans living in Texas) because he made himself
dictator and was not elected to office.
- Americans gain control of Texas: capture
of General Santa Anna. After the Texans were beaten at the Alamo in
San Antonio by Santa Anna's army, Sam Houston led an army of Texans
into Mexico and captured Santa Anna. The Texans made him sign a document
that allowed Texas to be self-governing
and gave additional land to Texas.
- Annex: attaching a smaller area
of land to a larger area of land. Many people wanted Texas (smaller)
to be joined with or attached to the United States. They wanted to
- Two main reasons why Texas was not annexed: 1) The United States
Senate feared that it might cause a war with Mexico. 2) Many Texans
had slaves and the Senate thought that if Texas was annexed, it would
give the southern slave states control of the Senate.
- 1824-1835: Texas population increase. Between 1824-1835 the population
in Texas increased from 2,000 to 35,000 settlers.
- 1836-1846: Texas population increase. Between 1836-1846, the population
of Texas increased from 35,000-142,000.
- No annexation of Texas: Texas governs itself. Texas governed itself
for ten years. The United States capability,
and motivation created greater
advantage in the Mexican War.
- The United States paid Mexico $15,000,000 for the land it earlier
offered to buy for $30,000,000 = The United States won the Mexican
War and forced Mexico to sell the land to the U.S. at that price.
- "54-40 or fight!": Polk's campaign slogan.
The phrase referred to the latitude
of the northern most part of the Oregon Country. Both the United
States and Britain occupied this area. Polk was saying that the United
States should have all of it, even if it meant going to war with Britain.