|Lewis and Clark's
outbound route shown
in red, inbound in blue
- Frontier: The land west of where most white settlers lived. Native
Americans lived on the frontier.
- Westward Expansion: the white settlers moving west into land that
Native Americans lived.
- Political boundaries: the imaginary lines that separate countries.
- A territory: land that was part of the U.S. but had not become
- Successive: following in order, one after another. The settlers
settled the frontier in successive order. Each time many settlers
would go further west than others had gone before them.
- Local Governments: the governments that were operated by the people
in the frontier.
The Northwest Ordinance
- The Northwest Ordinance was a law that informed the people how
to set up a government in the Northwest Territory. It also outlawed
slavery in the Northwest Territory, and it gave the settlers a bill
of rights that included right to due
process, trial by jury
and religious freedom.
- The Northwest Territory was divided into five different territories
that would eventually become the states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois,
Wisconsin and Michigan.
- The process set up for becoming a state in the Northwest Ordinance
was the same process used for most of the states in the United States.
The process had three stages:
Stage 1 to becoming a state:
When the territory had 5,000 or less free adult males congress
would appoint a governor to oversee
the territory who would make laws for the territory. Congress also
appointed judges to hold court.
Stage 2 to becoming a state:
When the population of a territory reached 5,000 free adult males
a local self government was elected and a non-voting representative
was sent to Congress.
Stage 3 to becoming a state:
A territory could become a state when its population reached 60,000.
It would write its own state constitution
and would be equal to the other states that were part of the United
Kentucky: the first western territory to become a state (1792).
Ohio: first territory in the Northwest Territory to become
a state (1803).
Louisiana became a state before both Mississippi and Alabama,
even though it is further west, because it had a city with a large
population (New Orleans).
Land, water and climate: three
factors that determined which areas of the country were settled first.
Sod: the reason The Great Plains were not settled by many
people. In the 1840s the steel plow had not been invented yet and
the land could not be farmed.
Polk's main campaign issue: Manifest destiny, the belief that
United States had the right and responsibility to take ownership of
the western frontier from the east to the Pacific Ocean. Polk lured
American voters by promising to continue expansion of the United States.
Polk's election as U.S. President in 1884: Americans support of Manifest
The Americans support of Manifest Destiny: congress supporting the
annexation of Texas. Congress decided to tolerate the political
problems it would cause with Mexico and the fact that it would add
another slave state to the Union.
$30,000,000: the amount of money the United States offered
to pay Mexico for its land between Texas and the Pacific Ocean.
49th Parallel : the boundary
agreement that Polk and the United States made with Britain instead
of pushing for ownership of the entire Oregon Country.
Three core beliefs of Manifest Destiny
1) God wants the U.S. to expand westward.
2) Expansion is a necessary thing due to population growth.
3) Westward expansion is a good thing because it brings a democratic
form of government to others.