Reasons for westward expansion
- Religious Freedom: the second factor that attracted people to
travel the long and difficult Oregon Trail to the Oregon Country.
- Good, free farmland
- Natural resources:
One example of people moving west for the natural resources is the
California Gold Rush. The Gold Rush was a time when people from many
different places heard about gold being discovered and then moved
to that place to get the gold.
- Mormons: one example of a group that moved into the frontier west
for religious freedom.
- "Go west young man": Horace Greeley's advice to individuals who
were looking for an opportunity to improve their economic situation.
Horace Greeley was a New York newspaper editor. He wrote the article
in 1846 and many people took his advice and moved west to make a
- Land and natural resources: two things available to the settlers
that helped solve their economic problems. Land was inexpensive
and often free. Natural resources such as precious metals and animals
used for the fur trade were available.
- Two economic factors that influenced settlers to move west: 1)
plentiful and inexpensive land in the west and 2) problems in the