Measures of Success
19th century Native American family
with Native Americans
- Disadvantage of Native Americans in capability was not much access
to firearms, cannons, etc.
- U.S. advantage in capability was the Army's ability to make superior weapons;
recruited enemies of tribes.
- The U.S. had the overall advantage in capability during the period
- Leadership advantages and disadvantages of the Native Americans:
Advantages : able to create successful tactics
against soldiers with superior weapons. Disadvantages : spoke different
languages. It was hard to lead large group of tribes rather than separate
- Leadership advantages and disadvantages of the U.S.:
Advantages : experienced generals; central government.
Disadvantages : none.
- The U.S. had the overall advantage in leadership during the period
- Advantages and disadvantages of the Native Americans in resources:
Advantages : could take needed supplies
straight from the land.
Disadvantages : reservations didn't have resources they were used
to; not as much wealth, so they couldn't supply all their needs
for a long war.
- Advantages and disadvantages of the U.S. in resources:
Advantages : large army; central government had money for supplies.
Disadvantages : had to move resources long distances.
- In general, the U.S. had the advantage in resources.
- Advantages of Native Americans:
Strongly motivated because fighting for their families, homes, and
Disadvantages: Too trusting of the U.S. government, so didn't act
- Advantages of U.S.:
Wanted more land and make living conditions better for citizens.
- Both the Native Americans and the U.S. were about equal in motivation
because they both believed they were right.
Conflict with Mexico
- The U.S. won the land that became California, New Mexico, Texas,
Utah, Nevada, Arizona, and part of Colorado in the Mexican-American
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
- Mexican citizens had the chance to become U.S. citizens. Mexican-American
small farmers lost their land because they couldn't show their deeds.
- U.S. people were taxed on how much land they owned (real property
- Mexicans were taxed on the livestock/crops produced on the land.
- Replacing Mexican taxes with U.S. ones caused Mexican Americans
to lose their land because if crops were poor, they couldn't pay.
- Political power : when a group of people elects representatives
who help make laws that affect
- Two ways Mexican Americans did not have political power:
1) Many of the wealthy families didn't take part in politics.
2) Didn't serve in U.S. court system that decided whether land titles
- Mexican American families : not familiar with U.S. legal system
: lost land because: didn't have lawyers, and didn't understand
rules about land distribution.