pride in their new labor-saving device, a tractor
- Two inventions that helped build the textile industry in the Northeast:
a. the power loom
b. the cotton gin
- One solution to the growing transportation problem was to build
turnpikes, which are privately owned roads that a person has to pay
a fee to use.
- Canals helped solve the transportation problem. They connected
waterways so that barges could
carry products from the Great Lakes all the way to New York City.
- Some of the problems with canals were:
a. They were too expensive to build.
b. They had to be built on flat land.
c. Sometimes during the winter they would freeze.
- The development of the steam engine led to the steamboat and the
- The advantage steamboats had that canals did not have was that
they could go all the way up rivers.
- The advantages steam trains had that steamboats and canals did
a. They could go anywhere there were tracks.
b. They didn't have to have level ground.
c. They didn't have to travel where there was water.
- American-made products were better for the economy than imported
products because imported products only made money for American businesses
that transported and resold the products.
- American made products made money for the manufacturers, and many
other businesses thus creating more profit
and more jobs.
- The inventions that helped agriculture
in the West were:
a. the mechanical reaper
b. the steel plow
- The one invention that was the most useful for the economy of
the South: the cotton gin. The invention helped the Southern economy
by increasing cotton production.
- Transportataion was a problem for farmers in the West because
there weren't many roads, and the roads that were there were rough.
- The problem with river flatboats was that they were only good
for sending things down river.
- Steamboats helped with transportation in the West because they
could go up river and so they lowered the cost of transportation.
- Farmers were allowed to specialize
because of the better and less expensive transportation.
- Merchants: People who transported farmers' crops across the country
and then sold them.
- Farmers specialized because they could make a good profit growing
only one thing.
- Farmers needed credit because they had to buy land, hire workers,
buy seeds and tools, and pay for their products to be shipped to
market. All of this required a lot of money.
- People in the West solved their money and credit problems by starting
their own banks.
- Too much credit can cause problems when banks loan
out more money than they have and then the loans aren't repaid.
- The people in the South who owned the large plantations
could get all the credit they needed and thus made the biggest profits.