Balance of Power
Balance of power is a condition in which both sides of
an issue hold equal ability.
- Three solutions attempted
by South Carolina were:
1. Revoke the import tariffs
from 1828 and 1832.
2. They discontinued collecting the import tariff.
3. They threatened to stop being part of the United States.
- President Andrew Jackson solved the Nullification
Crisis by lowering the import tariff and then using the military
to make sure that everyone, including South Carolina, paid it. This
was a compromise on both
sides since the North and West had wanted a higher tariff and the
South did not want one at all. The end result was that the situation
was solved peacefully.
- Florida was allowed to join the U. S. as a state because Iowa
was also allowed to at the same time. Since Florida was a slave
state and Iowa was a free state the balance of power remained the
The Missouri Compromise
- Henry Clay was a senator from Kentucky who proposed the Missouri
- The northern senators did not want Missouri to become a state
because it was a state that believed in slavery. If it were allowed
to join the United States it would have meant that there were more
states that had slaves than did not.
- The Missouri Compromise established
a rule for the land in the Louisiana Purchase in which an imaginary
line would be drawn up the middle. On one side of this line slavery
would be legal and on the other side it would not.
- Three important parts of the Compromise of 1850 were:
1. California became part of the U. S. as a free state.
2. The land that had been gained from Mexico during the Mexican
War was split into two pieces, New Mexico Territory and Utah Territory
and each was allowed to decide for themselves whether they would
allow slavery or not.
3. The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 was passed which made the Southerners
happy because their runaway slaves now had to be returned to them
- Popular sovereignty is the idea of territories being able to vote
whether or not they were going to allow slavery.
- Popular sovereignty helped to bring about an end of the ability
of Congress to make compromises on slavery by giving the states
control over whether they would be a slave state or a free state.
This meant that Congress did not have power any more in matters
The Kansas-Nebraska Act
- 3 factors that ended the ability of Congress to make compromises:
1. The concept of popular sovereignty.
2. The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854.
3. The Dred Scott decision that was made by the Supreme Court in
- The Kansas-Nebraska Act replaced the Missouri Compromise and allowed
slavery in places that had been free for 30 years. This act helped
end the ability of Congress to make compromises on slavery by showing
Congress that the compromises they made in the past could not be
- The election of 1860 ended all hope of any compromise between
the North and the South. The South felt that, since a republican
President had been elected without their votes, they had no power
any longer in the federal government and some of the southern politicians
began to plan to separate the South from the United States.