The following information was presented
in this chapter:
The Southern states seceded
and formed their own country, the Confederate
States of America, because they did not want to be forced into
ending slavery. After Abraham
Lincoln became president, states had to make the difficult decision
of choosing to support the Confederacy or the Union.
The Confederacy initiated the Fort Sumter Battle, which started the
Civil War, because the Union did not want to let them be separate
At the beginning of the war, the Confederates had three advantages
of winning the war, while the Union had only one. They were:
The Confederate troops were more capable of winning the war because
their troops were well trained and could be trained more quickly.
The Confederate troops had strong leaders, such as generals who
could lead the troops.
The Union had more resources-a
larger population, more industrialization, a better transportation
system, and more crops for food.
The South was motivated to fight for the land they lived on and
was motivated to support the way they lived their lives.
After Gettysburg, the Union had four advantages, which eventually
led to their winning the Civil War. They were:
The Union was more capable of winning the war because they had
a better supply of weapons that came from manufacturers in the North.
The Union benefited from Lincoln's, General Grant's, and General
The Union continued to have more resources-a larger population,
more industrialization, and larger food supplies from agriculture
The North's motivation increased after the Emancipation
Proclamation and winning battles. The South's spirits decreased
after losing battles and many people had lost family members.
President Lincoln's strategic political moves helped the North win
the Civil War:
Lincoln was able to make the South start the Battle of Fort Sumter,
which made it look like the South started the Civil War.
By issuing the Emancipation Proclamation, Lincoln was able to
abolish slavery, prevent Europe from participating in the war, and
keep the Border States in the Union.
After the Union won the Battle of Gettysburg, Lincoln addressed
the nation and did not focus on the North winning and the South
losing the war. Instead, he focused on talking about uniting the
At the Appomattox Court House, Lincoln tried to start healing
and joining the North and South.
After General Lee surrendered
at Appomattox, other Confederate armies also surrendered.