Cliff Notes for Chapter 14:
The Civil War- the War that United the States


[audio]The following information was presented in this chapter:

The Southern states seceded and formed their own country, the Confederate States of America, because they did not want to be forced into ending slavery. After Abraham Lincoln became president, states had to make the difficult decision of choosing to support the Confederacy or the Union. The Confederacy initiated the Fort Sumter Battle, which started the Civil War, because the Union did not want to let them be separate states.

At the beginning of the war, the Confederates had three advantages of winning the war, while the Union had only one. They were:

  • The Confederate troops were more capable of winning the war because their troops were well trained and could be trained more quickly.
  • The Confederate troops had strong leaders, such as generals who could lead the troops.
  • The Union had more resources-a larger population, more industrialization, a better transportation system, and more crops for food.
  • The South was motivated to fight for the land they lived on and was motivated to support the way they lived their lives.
  • [audio]After Gettysburg, the Union had four advantages, which eventually led to their winning the Civil War. They were:

  • The Union was more capable of winning the war because they had a better supply of weapons that came from manufacturers in the North.
  • The Union benefited from Lincoln's, General Grant's, and General Sherman's leadership.
  • The Union continued to have more resources-a larger population, more industrialization, and larger food supplies from agriculture crops.
  • The North's motivation increased after the Emancipation Proclamation and winning battles. The South's spirits decreased after losing battles and many people had lost family members.
  • President Lincoln's strategic political moves helped the North win the Civil War:

  • Lincoln was able to make the South start the Battle of Fort Sumter, which made it look like the South started the Civil War.
  • By issuing the Emancipation Proclamation, Lincoln was able to abolish slavery, prevent Europe from participating in the war, and keep the Border States in the Union.
  • After the Union won the Battle of Gettysburg, Lincoln addressed the nation and did not focus on the North winning and the South losing the war. Instead, he focused on talking about uniting the country.
  • At the Appomattox Court House, Lincoln tried to start healing and joining the North and South.
  • After General Lee surrendered at Appomattox, other Confederate armies also surrendered.


    [audio]Important dates to remember:

  • 1861 Abraham Lincoln became President of the U.S.
  • 1861 Battle of Fort Sumter
  • 1862 Battle of Antietam
  • 1862 Battle of Gettysburg
  • 1863 Emancipation Proclamation went into effect.
  • 1865 Lee surrenders at Appomattox.
  • 1865 President Lincoln assassinated.

    Who's who in this chapter:

  • President Buchanan did nothing to stop states from seceding.
  • Jefferson Davis was elected President of the Confederate States of America.
  • Abraham Lincoln became President of the United States.
  • General Robert E. Lee, of the Confederate Army, became one of the most recognized generals during the Civil War.