Militarism


  General Lee
Confederate General Lee
[audio]Lincoln Became President
Lincoln said the Union would have to start the fighting the South.

President Lincoln faced a huge problem

  • Lincoln decided to send only food to Fort Sumter because he would then have to break his promise about not sending troops to the South.
  • Problems the Confederacy faced after Lincoln decided to send only food to Fort Sumter:
    a. The South did not want the United States government and Lincoln to take over the harbor.
    b. If the South did not let the North bring the supplies past the Fort, then the North would have to initiate the war.
  • Lincoln's strategic political move about starting the Civil War was to make it look like the South started the war and not the North.
  • Confederates were the side that started the Civil War.
  • The Confederacy wanted to fight a defensive war because they thought the Union Army would struggle and surrender.
  • First part of the North's war strategy was to capture Richmond, Virginia, the Confederate capitol.
  • Another reason the North wanted to gain control of the Mississippi River was they wanted to prevent the Confederacy's Army from joining together to make one large force, since they were separated geographically.
  • Naval blockade is a condition that ships bringing goods are blocked from getting to seaports by military ships.
  • Second part of the North's war strategy was to create a naval blockade.
  • Third part of the North's war strategy was to take over the Mississippi River.
  • One reason why the North wanted to gain control of the Mississippi River was they wanted to make confederates use roads and trails, which were slow forms of transportation and used many mules and horses.
  • Lincoln wanted to control the Mississippi and have a naval blockade of the Confederacy to prevent the Confederates from receiving shipments of supplies that would aid in their ability to survive during the war.

 

[audio]The Emancipation Proclamation

  • The Emancipation Proclamation stated that all slaves living in Confederate territory were free.
  • The Emancipation Proclamation was important:
    a. Lincoln made it seem as though the war was fought to free slaves.
    b. It made Confederate States join the Union again or it threatened to take their slaves away.
    c. It made it seem as though Britain and France supported having slaves if they continued to support the Confederates.
    d. It made free slaves in the North officially free.
  • The Emancipation Proclamation was considered a strategic political move for Lincoln because he gained support from more Northerners, Europe, and the Border States.


Lincoln's Gettysburg Address

  • The Gettysburg Address was a strategic political move by Lincoln because it discussed how to go forward and unite the country.


Surrender at Appomattox Court House

  • Lee surrendered at the Appomattox Court House.
  • Lincoln's terms of surrender for Lee's Confederate Army:
    a. The Confederates had to give up all their weapons.
    b. Promise to be loyal to the Union and leave areas where battles took place in a peaceful manner
    c. The Confederate Army could keep their horses and mules for farming.
  • The terms of surrender for Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia were strategic political moves by Lincoln:
    a. They made Southerners less angry at the North.
    b. They increased the South's willingness to join the Union again.


[audio]The beginning of modern warfare

  • Capturing or destroying economic targets was important because it prevented the other side from having resources that could help them win battles.

Politically important targets

  • Capturing or destroying politically important targets was important in modern warfare because it destroyed the center of where decision makers could meet and disburse information.


The sea battle between the Monitor and the Virginia (Merrimack)

  • The sea battle between the Monitor and the Virginia (Merrimack) was important because it was the beginning of modern naval warfare.
  • Iron clad was a ship made of wood that had iron plates nailed to the exterior of the ship.
  • The Monitor was different from the Merrimack because it was built out of iron instead of wood.
  • The Union navy solved its problem with the Merrimack by leading the Merrimackck into the areas of the sea where the waves would sink it.