Lincoln Became President
Lincoln said the Union would have to start the fighting
President Lincoln faced a huge problem
- Lincoln decided to send only food to Fort Sumter because he would
then have to break his promise about not sending troops to the South.
- Problems the Confederacy faced after Lincoln decided to send only
food to Fort Sumter:
a. The South did not want the United States government and Lincoln
to take over the harbor.
b. If the South did not let the North bring the supplies past
the Fort, then the North would have to initiate
- Lincoln's strategic political move about starting the Civil War
was to make it look like the South started the war and not the North.
- Confederates were the side that started the Civil War.
- The Confederacy wanted to fight a defensive war because they thought
the Union Army would struggle and surrender.
- First part of the North's war strategy was to capture
Richmond, Virginia, the Confederate capitol.
- Another reason the North wanted to gain control of the Mississippi
River was they wanted to prevent the Confederacy's Army from joining
together to make one large force, since they were separated geographically.
- Naval blockade is a condition
that ships bringing goods are blocked from getting to seaports by
- Second part of the North's war strategy was to create a naval
- Third part of the North's war strategy was to take over the Mississippi
- One reason why the North wanted to gain control of the Mississippi
River was they wanted to make confederates use roads and trails,
which were slow forms of transportation and used many mules and
- Lincoln wanted to control the Mississippi and have a naval blockade
of the Confederacy to prevent the Confederates from receiving shipments
of supplies that would aid in their ability to survive during the
The Emancipation Proclamation
- The Emancipation Proclamation stated that all slaves living in
Confederate territory were free.
- The Emancipation Proclamation was important:
a. Lincoln made it seem as though the war was fought to free slaves.
b. It made Confederate States join the Union again or it threatened
to take their slaves away.
c. It made it seem as though Britain and France supported having
slaves if they continued to support the Confederates.
d. It made free slaves in the North officially free.
- The Emancipation Proclamation was considered a strategic political
move for Lincoln because he gained support from more Northerners,
Europe, and the Border States.
Lincoln's Gettysburg Address
- The Gettysburg Address was a strategic political move by Lincoln
because it discussed how to go forward and unite the country.
at Appomattox Court House
- Lee surrendered at the Appomattox Court House.
- Lincoln's terms of surrender for Lee's Confederate Army:
a. The Confederates had to give up all their weapons.
b. Promise to be loyal to the Union and leave areas where battles
took place in a peaceful manner
c. The Confederate Army could keep their horses and mules for farming.
- The terms of surrender for Lee's Confederate Army of Northern
Virginia were strategic political moves by Lincoln:
a. They made Southerners less angry at the North.
b. They increased the South's willingness to join the Union again.
The beginning of modern warfare
- Capturing or destroying economic targets was important because
it prevented the other side from having resources that could help
them win battles.
Politically important targets
- Capturing or destroying politically important targets was important
in modern warfare because it destroyed the center of where decision
makers could meet and disburse
The sea battle between the Monitor and the Virginia (Merrimack)
- The sea battle between the Monitor and the Virginia (Merrimack)
was important because it was the beginning of modern naval warfare.
- Iron clad was a ship made
of wood that had iron plates nailed to the exterior of the ship.
- The Monitor was different from the Merrimack because it was built
out of iron instead of wood.
- The Union navy solved its problem with the Merrimack by leading
the Merrimackck into the areas of the sea where the waves would