The Steps That Led to War
polarization over slavery
made compromise between
the North and the South more difficult.
Choosing sides was hard
- Some people in the North supported the Confederacy
1) they did not want to abolish
2) they had familiar ties to the South,
3) and they believed states should be able to make and enforce
their own laws.
- Some people in the South supported Confederacy because they wanted
to get rid of slavery and believed that states should not make and
enforce their own laws without a central government.
- To end slavery wasn't a goal of Lincoln's for fighting the Civil
African Americans tried to join the Union Army
- Lincoln did not allow African Americans into the Union Army to
ensure that the border
states would not leave the Union and join the Confederacy.
All the States Took Sides
- 11 States of the Confederacy include South Carolina, Georgia,
Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Tennessee,
North Carolina, and Virginia.
- Gray was the color of uniform the soldiers in the Confederate Army
- Rebels and Johnny Rebs were the two names for Confederate soldiers.
- Confederate States of America, also known as the Confederacy
was what the seceded southern states called their new country.
- Blue was the color of uniform the soldiers in the Union Army wore.
Yankees and Yanks were the two names for Union soldiers.
The Border States
- Slave states that did not join the Confederacy were Delaware,
Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, and West Virginia.
- The Border States remained with the Union because politics and
economics of the North had more influence on these states than the
- Lincoln had to be very careful about passing laws to limit slavery
because he did not want to lose support from the Border States.
- The North wanted Maryland to stay in the Union, so the Union's
capitol, Washington, D.C., would then be encircled by Confederate
states, making it easy to seize.
- Lincoln's purpose for fighting, at the beginning of the Civil
War was to maintain the Union.
- Secede is to break away from a formal partnership.
- Civil War is a war that the people living in the same country
engage in combat against each other.
- The Battle of Fort Sumter was important because it was the first
battle that began the Civil War.
The Election of 1860
- South Carolina was the first state to secede.
- President-elect Lincoln first tried to solve the problem of southern
states seceding from the United States by allowing slavery in the
South and carrying out the Fugitive
Slave Act as long as the South agreed that there would be no
slavery in the new states.
President Buchanan did nothing
- President Buchanan's solution to the secession
problem was not to try stopping the secession.
The Seceding States Formed a Country
- First difference between the Confederate Constitution and the
U.S. Constitution was slavery was allowed and laws forbidding
slavery within the south could not be created in the Confederate
- Second difference between the Confederate Constitution and the
U.S. Constitution was the Confederate Constitution allowed states
to create and carry out its laws.
- Jefferson Davis was elected President of the Confederacy