:

Measures of Success


At the beginning of the War

 
North
(The Union)
South
(The Confederacy)
Capability
(N < S)
  • Experienced generals
  • The most experienced generals joined the army in the South
  • Soldiers weren't experienced at using guns and riding horses
  • Strong army and navy
  • Some soldiers didn't know how to speak English
  • Strong government
  • Experienced generals
  • Soldiers with experience using guns and riding horses
  • Troops were familiar with the area they were protecting
  • No central government
  • Leadership
    (N = S)
  • Abraham Lincoln was an excellent leader
  • Lost experienced generals to the South
  • Experienced generals
  • Resources
    (N > S)
  • Bigger population
  • Better transportation systems
  • More manufacturing plants
  • More food and no worry about it being used it up
  • Needed soldiers to fight against Indians and manage southern cities they took over
  • Smaller population
  • Weak transportation systems
  • Not enough manufacturing plants
  • Less crops because they grew cash crops
  • Less naval ships and boats
  • Motivation
    (N < S)
  • People felt strongly about keeping the Union together
  • Some people were against the war
  • Sent people to prison without having a chance to defend themselves in court
  • Imprisoning the legislators who would have voted against staying in the Union
  • They would be fighting on their own territory
  • They were angry that the North would fight them just because they wanted to secede
  •  


    After Gettysburg

     
    North
    (The Union)
    South
    (The Confederacy)
    Capability
    (N > S)
  • They had the best weapons and generals with experience
  • No disadvantage
  • Lost a lot of soldiers and new ones were not as experienced
  • No advantage
  • Leadership
    (N > S)
  • Abraham Lincoln was a strong leader
  • The generals weren't as good as the Confederate generals
  • Grant's battle strategy
  • Robert Lee was an excellent leader
  • Lost good generals
  • Confederate government wasn't cohesive in their efforts
  • Resources
    (N > S)
  • Resource increased after the war (more industrial growth, military and food supplies, and money)
  • 3 million soldiers deserted the Union
  • Trouble recruiting enough soldiers
  • No advantage (The South couldn't receive supplies because of the blockage)
  • A lot of soldiers deserted the Confederacy
  • Lost good transportation because the North took over the Mississippi
  • Motivation
    (N > S)
  • Motivation declined in the South because it was hard for people to live without their family members that were lost in the war
  • The success of Gettysburg and other following battles motivated the people in the North
  • Motivation increased in the North to support the Emancipation Proclamation
  • There were people who did not support the war
  • A lot of people had lost their families in the war
  • People had little food, clothing, and living supplies.
  • People weren't motivated to fight the North
  •  

    [audio]Battle of Seven Pines, or Fair Oaks, VA

    • The Battle of Seven Pines was important because General Lee was successful at leading the Confederate Army.


    The Battle of Gettysburg

    • General Lee attacked the North again in 1863 because he wanted to stop Grant from controlling the Mississippi near Vicksburg, in the west, so he tried to get Lee to send troops to the east.
    • Lee lost a significant amount of soldiers in Pickett's charge. Battle of Gettysburg was important because for the first time, they won a battle that was led by General Lee.
    • Two ways the Battle of Gettysburg was the largest in:
      a. the number of dead in North America
      b. the scale battle that occurred in North America
    • Effect the Battle of Gettysburg had for the South was that the South was surpassed by the Union in both the East and the West.


    [audio]Women and the Civil War

    • Women contributed to the war effort:
      a. Worked in factories and offices
      b. Managed farms
      c. Worked as soldiers
    • Sally Louisa Tomkins, Dorthea Dix, Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, and Clara Barton were considered important people in the Civil War because they convinced Lincoln to allow women to be nurses in the Union Army.


    General Sherman's march to the sea

    • General Sherman's orders took the Union soldiers through the South from Chattanooga, Tennessee to Atlanta, Georgia and then to Savannah, Georgia.
    • The Union Army waged total war in the South because the Union wanted to destroy everything in their path in order to discourage the Confederates from being able to fight and from having the motivation to fight.


    The sea battle of New Orleans, LA

    • The Battle of New Orleans was important because the Union took over the Mississippi in that area, which prevented supplies from being delivered to the Confederacy.
    • Draft is a law that requires people to serve in the army.
    • The Confederate draft was unpopular in the South because the draft benefited people with wealth because it did not apply to wealthy people who had 20 or more slaves.
    • Confederate soldiers desert:
      a. The soldiers were exhausted from the war.
      b. Many soldiers did not own slaves