Cliff Notes for Chapter 15:
The South After the Civil War


[audio]The following information was presented in this chapter:

The ending of the Civil War caused drastic changes in the United States, affecting the economy, human rights and the politics of the country. The South's labor system changed with the loss of life and the ending of slavery. Views on the treatment of individuals and groups of people needed to be reevaluated and many new laws, amendments, rules, and regulations were developed as a way to deal with these new issues and situations.

  • The economy is made up of different factors that determine the health of that economy.
  • Lincoln's 10% Plan allowed a way for the Southern states to rejoin the United States and determined ways to deal with the almost four million freed slaves.
  • New departments of government were developed to meet the needs of the newly freed people.
  • Rules and regulations were enforced restricting certain freedoms of the former slaves.
  • Human Rights Acts and Amendments to the Constitution were passed granting United States citizenship and the right to vote to all male citizens.
  • Secret organizations formed that were committed to maintaining whites in positions of power.
  • In 1873 a national depression began resulting in the loss of jobs, government money and support for the freed slaves.
  • With the economic conditions terrible for the former slave African-Americans begin to help themselves.

    [audio]Important dates to remember:

  • 1863 Lincoln's 10% Plan for the Reconstruction of the South.
  • 1865 End of the Civil War.
  • 1868 13th, 14th, 15th, Amendments passed.
  • 1875 Civil Rights Act passed.
  • 1877 End of Congressional Reconstruction.

    Who's who in this chapter:

  • Abraham Lincoln is assassinated.
  • Andrew Johnson became President.
  • Thaddeus Stevens, a congressman in support of the Freedmen's Bureau.
  • Ulysses S. Grant became President.
  • Rutherford B. Hayes became President.
  • Booker T. Washington, the most well-known and influential African-American.