The following information was presented
in this chapter:
The West grew a lot after the Civil War. The government passed laws
to give land away cheaply, so many people worked on farms. People
also moved West in search of gold and other valuable materials.
- Many immigrants moved
West, and helped lay railroad or work at farms or in small businesses
- Inventions began to make
- The transcontinental railroad brought supplies
to farmers and exported their
- Banks began to provide credit to people in the West.
- The U.S. military fought with the Native Americans over land.
After years of conflict,
the Native Americans were forced onto reservations.
Important dates to remember:
1846-1848 Mexican War
1849 Gold and silver found in the West
1862 Homestead Act
1869 Transcontinental railroad completed
1876 Battle of Little Big Horn
1877-1878 Desert Land Act, Timber and Stone Act
1887 Dawes Act
1890 Massacre at Wounded
Who's who in this chapter:
John Deere invented the steel plow.
Cyrus McCormick invented the mechanical
Cochise, Geronimo - Apache leaders
Black Kettle - Cheyenne leader
Little Crow - Santee Sioux leader
Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse - Oglala Sioux leaders
General Custer - U.S. general killed in the Battle of Little Big
Chief Joseph - Nez Perce leader