INDUSTRIALIZATION-The growth of an economy in which
most people change from farm work to factory work. Manufacturing of
products requires centralized natural
- The U.S. changed from 1800 to 1860 going from an agricultural
economy to an industrial
economy. This started in the North.
- Coal mining and production of war supplies increased in the North
during the Civil War.
- South did not increase in these things because the North stopped
the supplies from coming to them.
||Manufacturing or transportation
|Green Bay-Western locomotive
#15, circa 1879
Number of people: After the Civil War
the U.S. grew very fast. More people immigrated
to work in the factories. The U.S. became a very large country with
lots of people. It became completely industrialized.
| Manufactured iron
|Factory machines making shoes
- Inventions- A patent
is a legal document that gives 1 person or group the right to make,
sell, and use an invention.
- Machinists were people who made and repaired the new machines. They
also found new ways to use metals.
|Control train traffic
||Stop train cars
||Quick telegraph messages from the U.S. to Europe
|Labor saving machines
||Corn husker, & corn sheller
|New types of wheat
||Didn't get common diseases
- 1895...Wireless telegraph
- 1853...Corn Planters
- 1874...Electric street car
- 1896...U.S. gas powered car
Ease of Living
- 1879...Electric lights
- 1888...Electric motors
- 1851...Sewing machine
- 1873...Use of electricity to run machines Factories could not
make products using unique parts, in which each one is one
of a kind. It is the opposite of interchangeable parts.
The problems with making products out of unique parts is that it
takes a long time, which means more labor
for the workers, the product would be hard to fix if it broke, and
would cost more as a result. Samuel Colt was the first to use interchangeable
parts. Interchangeable parts could make products less expensive because
the parts are all the same price and the labor was less work, which
means less money.
A new way to assemble
- 1850's some products took a long time to assemble, such as the reaper
because: it had lots of parts, was very large, and required great
amount of labor.
- The assembly line was very quick because every worker had
one part to put on. They had the part in front of them. They knew
where the part was to be placed. Then they would pass the product
on to the next worker who would put on the next part until the product
Factories depended upon efficiency.
Manufactured products were valued at:
||$2 billion, or $65 per person
||$10 billion, or $160 per person
- Mass production, used interchangeable parts and assembly
lines to manufacture enormous amounts of products.
- Mass Production put many small family owned factories and small
manufacturers out of business because they could not afford the big
machinery and were not as quick and efficient as the big factories.
Businesses Increased in number and size
- Steel and Railroads became the two leading industries of the U.S.
- Large Manufacturing businesses began to control the U.S. industry,
overpowering some farming and small family businesses.