How America Changed in the Late 1800s
|Late 19th century
- Three major changes that affected people's lives in the late 1800s:
a. a population moved from rural
areas to urban cities.
b. an increase of the economic middle class population.
c. an increase in the size and interdependency
of the economy.
- People who had serious problems because of these changes are those
who worked on farms and in factories.
The Formation of New Economic Classes
- Two economic classes existed during 1700s: wealthy and self-sufficient.
- Self-sufficient means being able to grow and make everything needed
Growth of Cities
||Rural Areas (farms or small towns)
||Urban Areas (cities)
||80% of the U.S. population
||20% of the U.S. population
||60% of the U.S. population
||40% of the U.S. population
- New York City, Chicago, Detroit, Baltimore, Philadelphia, and Cleveland
are the cities that developed large ethnic neighborhoods.
- People in the middle class worked as professionals (engineers, accountants,
doctors, and lawyers), business owners, or owners of larger farms.
- Middle-class workers were called "white collar workers" because
many workers dressed up for their jobs by wearing white shirts and
- Workers who did physical work outside of offices were called "blue
collar workers" because they often wore blue denim work shirts.
- Blue collar workers with jobs that require special training and
skills (machinists, electricians, etc.) are considered middle-class.
- Blue collar or working class workers had jobs that required few
skills (digging in mines, putting parts on assembly line products,
or laying railroad tracks).
- Low-skilled workers earned poor wages because businesses could find
them easily. Farmers who had only small farms or farmed land that
belong to someone else didn't earn enough money to live comfortably.
- Three economic classes in the late 1800s:
a. The wealthy
b. The middle class
c. The lower class
- The economy had grown interdependent because each geographic region
affected another part of the country.