Cliff Notes for Chapter 20:
The Progressive Era: 1900-1916


[audio]The following information was presented in this chapter:

Though the U.S. became a wealthy and powerful country after industrialization, the change brought some serious problems. The period between 1900 and 1916 was called the Progressive Era because people were trying to create some improvement in the country.

  • The Progressives worked on two kinds of improvements: relief and regulation.
  • Changes at local level focused on relief to provide poor workers and children with better standard of living and making local government fair.
  • Changes at the state level focused on improving people's standard of living and regulation of government and working conditions in factories.
  • Changes at the national level focused on providing relief for poor people and creating regulations. However, laws and regulations passed on the national level were not usually as strong as those passed on the state level.
  • The events of the Progressive Era did affect big business and how legislators wrote the laws and regulations.


[audio]Important dates to remember:

  • 1792 Democratic party was started.
  • 1854 Republic party was started.
  • 1900 - 1916 The Progressive Era.
  • 1900 Theodore Roosevelt became the President.
  • 1908 William Taft was elected as the President.
  • 1910 Woodrow Wilson was elected as the President.
  • 1912 Nine western states had allowed women to vote in state and local elections.
  • 1913 17th Amendment was ratified.
  • 1914 The Clayton Act was passed.
  • 1920 19th Amendment was ratified and women got the rights to vote.

    [audio]Who's who in this chapter:

  • Upton Sinclair wrote a book "The Jungle" which described unsafe working conditions of the meatpacking industry.
  • Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr started settlement houses in the U.S.
  • Boss Tweed was one of the famous political bosses.
  • Robert La Follette is a famous politician who got rid of the corrupt politicians and supported Progressives to make change for improving people's standards of living.
  • Theodore Roosevelt was a national hero by winning the Spanish American War and became the president of the U.S. later.
  • Woodrow Wilson was the President during the Progressive Era.