Cliff Notes for Chapter 22:
World War I


[audio]The following information was presented in this chapter:

World War I was different than any previous war because it impacted practically the entire world. First of all, the war began in a unique manner:

  • European countries tried to make themselves stronger by:
    1) building up their armed forces, and
    2) asserting control in other lands.
  • Although countries became stronger, they also became fearful of the strength of neighboring countries.
  • In order to feel safe many countries made agreements to help each other in a time of war.
  • World War I was the first war to involve so many countries (most of them European nations) and people.
  • Advanced technology led to more advanced weapons-these weapons led to more deaths.
  • The U.S. had the natural resources and the manpower (with the help of women and African-Americans) needed in the war.
  • The outcome of World War I had far-reaching consequences. The U.S. became a political and economic power and new countries and alliances were formed.

    [audio]Important dates to remember:

  • 1914 World War I began
  • 1917 U.S. declared war
  • 1918 fighting ended - armistice

    Who's who in this chapter:

  • Serb nationalist Garvilo Princip killed the Crowned Prince of Austria-Hungary, Archduke Francis Ferdinand (this event triggered the war).
  • Lenin was the Bolshevik leader who became the dictator of Russia.
  • General John J. Pershing saved U.S. soldiers lives by demanding that U.S. troops be commanded by U.S. Generals.
  • Woodrow Wilson was president of the U.S., and wrote the 14 points.
  • Senator Henry Cabot Lodge was a republican senator who tried to defeat the Treaty of Versailles.