Cliff Notes for Chapter 23:
The Search for Security and Prosperity: The 1920s

 

[audio]The following information was presented in this chapter:

After WWI the United States was ready to focus on keeping peace and increasing economic prosperity. The nation developed new attitudes about trade, foreign pollicies, entertainment, and spending. After a hard start, the United States began to build their economy. However, many of their new attitudes and changes in society led to problems in the 1930s.

  • In an effort to stay out of future conflicts, the United States developed an Isolationist attitude. This attitude affected both trade and involvement with foreign countries and the attitude about immigrants.
  • With all of the soldiers returning from war, there became an unemployment problem due to the increase in people looking for jobs.
  • The increased use of electricity helped factories become more productive which led to more jobs, and more spending.
  • Ford used the assembly line to make cars faster and cheaper. This meant more people could own cars and travel.
  • Higher car sales also helped the glass, steel, and rubber industries. This also led to more jobs.
  • Many changes in society happened during the 1920s:
    1. The increase in jobs led to a growth in urban areas.
    2. The increase in productivity gave the middle class more leisure time.
    3. Mass culture began around radio and movies.
    4. Women gained the right to vote.
    5. Prohibition was passed.
  • The 1920s solutions and many of its changes led to the beginnings of problems in the 1930s. Problems included:
    1. Unequal distribution of wealth.
    2. Overproduction of products.
    3. Unstable bank and stock market systems.

 

[audio]Important dates to remember:

  • 1919- end of WWI.
  • 1925- Ford Model T was produced.
  • 1927- First motion picture with sound.
  • 1930- 30% of businesses used electricity.
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    Who's who in this chapter:

  • John Scopes challenged state law by teaching scientific ideas about evolution.
  • Warren Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover: Presidents from 1912 through 1932.
  • Henry Ford built the model T car.


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