:

Isolationism


Prohibition  
Stamp commemorating federal agents'
disposal of wine
[audio]

Hopes for Prosperity and Peace After World War I

New Attitudes

Isolationist Attitude

  • Isolationists believe that countries should only be concerned with their own issues and not become involved with other countries.
  • Americans did not want to be involved with foreign countries after the war.
  • Americans also wanted to limit the number of immigrants to reduce contact with other countries and keep society "less diverse".


The desire to live better

  • Americans wanted to spend their money buying items that could not be purchased during the war. These included vacuum cleaners, electric refrigerators, radios, and model T cars.
  • Isolationist Attitude: less immigration and less foreign trading resulted in less people to sell manufactured goods and farm products to. Thus, farmers and manufacturers suffered economically.
  • The 18th amendment outlawed alcohol, resulting in organized crime selling alcohol.


[audio]Foreign Policy During the 1920's

Republican Control

  • Republicans won control of Congress in 1918 and won the Presidency in 1920 because republicans had the same isolationist attitude as the American people.
  • The republican candidate for presidency in 1920 promised to focus on America and limit connections with other countries.


League of Nations

  • The United States refused to join the League of Nations because they feared involvement with other countries might lead to another war.
  • The League of Nations was not as effective without the United States because they lacked the money and military force to impact larger nations.


High Tariffs

  • High tariffs isolated United States from Europe by stopping European products from coming into the United States.

High Tariff Problems

  • Quota is a limit on the number of goods that can be bought.
  • High tariffs caused two problems:
    1) Hurt Farmers by angering countries that bought U.S. farm products. These countries reacted by using quotas, which limited the demand for American products.
    2) Caused more problems between Allied countries and Germany: Allied countries could not pay U.S. back from the war. Allied countries demanded Germany pay reparations causing German resentment and anger towards allied countries.


Immigration Restrictions

  • Congress passed new immigration laws to limit contact with foreigners.
  • The laws set limits on how many people could come from each country. Countries where more U.S. citizens had come from, were allowed higher rates of immigration.