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Cause and Effect


  Yalta Conference
Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin at Yalta
[audio]Problems Lead to World War II

Germany and reparations

  • Germany couldn't make reparation payments because its economy was in bad shape. Great Britain and France could not pay the United States because Germany could not pay them.


The Effects of World War II

Peace Treaty

  • United Nations was created because of Roosevelt's suggestion at Teheran Conference

Yalta

  • Roosevelt agreed that the Soviet troops would continue occupying the Eastern European countries after the war and then allow free elections.

Potsdam

  • Surrender terms of Germany was when Germany and its capital occupied by armies from France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States.
  • Government of Japan was to be changed to a democracy modeled after the U.S.

Cost of the War

  • Germany and USSR had most soldiers killed during the war

[audio]United Nations

  • Decision about sending troops made when all five permanent members of the Security Council agreed.

Genocide During World War II

  • Genocide is the systematic killing of people based on their race or religion.

Concentration camps

  • Jews were rounded up as slaves; those capable would work, those who weren't were killed in concentration camps.

Nuremberg and Tokyo war crimes trials

  • 19 Nazi leaders, several Japanese leaders found guilty for murder and were executed or imprisoned in war crime trials.

United States and the Soviet Union Compete

  • United States was a superpower because it was the only major country that had not been damaged by war; had most advance military; world's largest economy.
  • Soviet Union was a superpower because it had largest military in the world.

Distrust

  • Stalin caused distrust using veto power to benefit Soviet expansion to ensure Communist governments.


[audio]The Effects on the United States

Economy

  • War helped end depression; disappear unemployment; let women enter labor force for first time.
  • Government helped business during the war because government suspended antitrust efforts and ensured companies would make profit using cost-plus contracts.


People's Rights Problems During the War

Japanese Americans

  • West Coast Japanese Americans during the war were made to report and were taken to isolated camps.

Mexican Americans

  • Mexicans came to United States during the war because employment opportunities increased greatly.

African Americans

  • Three ways African Americans were discriminated against in the military:
    1) placed in separate units
    2) blood for injured white soldiers was kept separate from that for African Americans
    3) not given the same opportunities for advancement available to whites
  • African Americans faced discrimination in both the North and the West.
  • They lived in segregated neighborhoods and attended segregated schools; riots broke out when given same jobs as whites.
  • Fair Employment Practices Committee investigate, hold hearings, and provide solution to the problem.