The following information was presented
in this chapter:
World War II began in 1938, and ended in 1945. The United States
did not enter the war until December of 1941. Thirty countries from
around the world were involved. 300,000 American military servicemen
died and over 30 million people died overall. The causes of the war
can be traced to economic depressions
that caused much suffering in the U.S. and most industrialized nations.
- German troops attacked Poland using a lightning war strategy.
A "blitzkrieg" attack was a huge, quick attack with many
airplanes, tanks, and soldiers. Britain and France declared
war on Germany which started World War II.
- Japan attacked Pearl Harbor, killing 2,400 American soldiers.
This was a turning point to the war, because it brought the United
States into the war.
- The Japanese wanted to use Midway Island as a base to prevent
any more bombing raids on Tokyo. The U.S. knew of this attack and
stopped it, destroying 4 of Japan's 9 aircraft carriers.
- The first island to be taken from the Japanese was Guadalcanal.
Here soldiers learned that it was a disgrace
for a Japanese soldier to surrender
and most would fight to their death than do so.
- A force of 176,000 Allied soldiers stormed the beaches of Normandy
in northern France. Largest seaborne invasion
- Germany surrendered. The different parts of Germany and its capital
were to be occupied by armies from France, Great Britain, the Soviet
Union and the U.S.
- The atomic bomb was
dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. Between these two cities,
the bombs killed nearly 140,000 people.
- Japanese surrender was the final turning point in the war because
it ended the war in the Pacific.
Important dates to remember:
September 1, 1939- Germany invaded Poland
July, 1940- Battle of Britain
December 7, 1941-Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor
June 6, 1944- D-day (invasion on Normandy)
April 30, 1945- Hitler committed suicide
July, 1945- Germany surrendered
August 6, 1945- Dropping of atomic bomb
August 14, 1945- Japan surrendered
Who's who in this chapter:
Adolph Hitler- leader of NAZI party
Joseph Stalin- general secretary of the Communist party of the
Benito Mussolini- premier dictator
Winston Churchill- British Prime Minister
Franklin Delano Roosevelt- President of the United States (1933-1945)
General Dwight D. Eisenhower- supreme Allied commander
General Charles De Gaulle- French General
Harry Truman- President of the United States (1945-1953)