Cliff Notes for Chapter 21:
American Expansion and International Politics: 1870-1914


[audio]The following information was presented in this chapter:

As people in the U.S. started to have nationalism, the country expanded their territories based on the belief. The expansion started in North America, Latin America, and the Pacific.

  • Economic, military, and moral reasons are the three main reasons the U.S. tried to influence other nations.
  • In North America, the U.S. purchased Alaska from Russia in 1867 and were forced to earn Florida and the Louisiana territory from Spain.
  • In Latin America, President Monroe declared the Monroe Doctrine to stop European countries to expand their control over territory in Latin America.
  • Puerto Rico became a territory of the U.S. in the Teller Amendment.
  • In the Pacific, the U.S. dominated in the Philippines, Hawaii, and China and accommodated Japan.


[audio]Important dates to remember:

  • 1854 Matthew C. Perry, American Commander, took his navy to Japan and forced the Japanese to trade openly.
  • 1867 The U.S. bought Alaska from Russia.
  • 1895 A dispute between Venezuela and Great Britain (the U.S. demonstrated its influence in the Americas).
  • 1898 The Spanish-American War.
  • 1901 Platt Amendment was passed.
  • 1904 Roosevelt Corollary was issued.
  • 1906-1909 American troops started a revolution in Cuba and remained there.
  • 1912 All the U.S. territories in North America formed into the 48 states.

    [audio]Who's who in this chapter:

  • Alexis de Tocqueville was a French writer who compared the American and Russian patterns of expansion and predicted the two will be the most powerful nations on earth during the 1900s.
  • Pancho Villa and Emilliano Zapata were rebel leaders who succeeded to make the U.S. involved in the war and make it look like the U.S. was supporting the Mexican government.
  • William Seward, the Secretary of State, was known for his purchase of Alaska. Because people thought it was a foolish purchase, they called it Seward's folly.