The Russian Revolution
|Lenin and Stalin
- 3 reasons why there was a revolt in Russian in 1917:
1. urban workers had little
2. sailors and soldiers were not being paid.
3. soldiers were poorly equipped.
- Russian generals and Allies persuaded
Kerensky to keep Russia in the war.
- Bolsheviks wanted Russia to stop fighting, and for Russia to have
a communist government and
- Germany helped the Bolsheviks because Germany thought that Lenin
and a Bolshevik government would take Russia out of the war.
- Lenin demanded that the Kerensky government take Russia out of the
- In November, 1917, the Bolsheviks seized control of the Russian
- Peace treaty between Russia
and Germany helped Lenin focus on creating a government ruled by
the Bolshevik Party.
- Peace treaty between Russia and Germany helped Germany put most
of its troops on the Western Front.
The Peace Agreement
- Wilson's treaty objective was a peaceful resolution of problems
between the countries.
- French and British treaty objectives were to build-up their armed
forces and punish Germany for starting the war.
Wilson's 14 Points
- Wilson's most important point was his idea for an association
of nations to protect political independence
of all nations.
- Reparations: payments; the loser must pay the winner.
- Great Britain and France wanted to rebuild their economies and
pay-off their loans to the U.S. because Great Britain and France
wanted payment (reparations) from Germany.
- French and British wanted control of German and Ottoman Empire
colonies for their natural resources.
- Wilson wanted colonies to become free countries.
The Treaty of Versailles
- Germany had to:
1.) Return Alsace and Lorraine to France.
2.) Pay $33 billion to Britain, France, and Belgium.
3.) Give up all of its captured
- Yugoslavia is a new country formed from the Austria-Hungarian
- Poland, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania are the new countries formed
from the Russian territory that Germany had conquered.
- Americans wanted nothing to do with Europe because Americans
opposed the Treaty.
- The U.S. Senate opposed the treaty because they thought that if
the U.S. joined the League of Nations it would lose control over the
- The Senate was opposed to Wilson going on a long speaking tour
to obtain support for the Treaty.
- U.S. absence from the League of Nations reduced the League's ability
to deal with problems after WWI.
The War's Effect on People's Rights
Freedom of Speech
- The only time when freedom of speech can be limited is when the
U.S. government gets permission from the courts.
- The U.S. Supreme Court decides if the government is justified in
limiting free speech.
Opposition to the war
- Espionage Act (1917) and Sedition Act (1918) were used to silence
- The mission of the Committee on Public Information was to win the
support of the American people for the war.
- The Committee on Public Information created propaganda to justify
American involvement on the Allied side of the war, sponsored
speakers to give speeches in American cities, released cartoons and
stories against Germany.
- People feared immigrants would bring diseases and would work for
lower wages, so labor unions opposed new immigrants. Government
limited immigration by creating a law that required all new immigrants
to be able to read and write and to be able to pay a tax.
Fear of radical revolutionaries
- Communism is an extreme form of socialism. All industry, services,
and economic planning are controlled by the Communist Party (led
by a dictator). War and revolution are ways to seize
control of a country.
- Socialism is a political system in which some industries, services,
and economic planning are controlled by farmers, workers, and government
officials. It does not advocate
The Soviet Union
- Union of Soviet socialist Republics (USSR) is a new country created